Leading and Managing Organizational Resources BSS064-6

Student Name :   Mannapperu Ratnayake

Student Number : 2019860

Sustainable Leadership

What is leadership?

Leadership is an essential topic that should be discussed under Human Resource Management (HRM). The leadership is the action of a leader which is supportive in inspiring the followers and directing the followers to achieve the common goals and objectives. The leadership is depending on the qualities of the leader.

Effective leadership is based on the application of appropriate leadership theories for the leadership situations. Having a better personality for the leader is supportive in conducting the leadership tasks effectively. Further, the leadership is successful through critical thinking. Effective leadership is essential in the management of the organizational resources (Avery, 2004).

The Operations of the Leadership

The organizational performances are linked to the leadership performances. Effective leadership is supportive in managing the organizational performances effectively. Hence that, the organizations should focus on the leadership. The leadership is essential to achieve the financial objectives and the non financial objectives of the organization. The bottom line of the organization should be focused by the leadership while it is focusing on improving the profit margins.

Development of the skills of leadership as well as the leadership competencies of the individuals is supportive in creating a better leader to give the leadership for the organization. A person with the leadership experiences is able to handle the organizational works effectively by applying the reflective learnings into the practices. The leadership operations are essential for the organizational operations (Avery, 2005).


Leadership and Management

Leadership and management are two different phenomena because of the differences in the characteristics. The management of an organization is not always taking the organizational leadership. It is indicating that the managers cannot always be the leaders. It demonstrates that the leadership may be the role of the manager or may not be the role of the manager. The manager should have effective leadership qualities in order to become the leader. The innovations should be promoted by the leadership (Avolio & Bass, 2004). Further, the rationality should be emphasized by the leadership.

On the other hand, it is important for the leadership to focus on the controls. The leadership always tries to think out of the box where, the leadership is not depending on the existing organizational structure. If there are ineffective features associated with the existing organizational structure, then the leadership focuses on changing the organizational structure effectively (Avolio & Gardner, 2005).

However, the management is always seeking to work under the corporate organizational structure and the management refuses the changes. There is an independence for the leadership operations comparing to the operations of the management. Interpersonal issues are concerning least by the leadership where the management is concerning highly about the interpersonal issues. It can be identified that the leadership role is beyond the role of the management. The leadership should be able to inspire the followers in achieving common organizational goals and objectives.

Further, the leadership should be able to work under a flexible working environment. It is important for the leadership to admire the flexibility and the freedom within the organization. The leadership should be able to overcome the organizational issues and conduct the organization towards the success (Avolio & Luthans, 2006).

Characteristics of Leadership

The leadership has different characteristics. Intelligence is a main characteristic with the leadership. The leaders should be intelligence to solve the problems associated with different situations. The maturity of leadership is another characteristics. The leaders who have well experiences are able to handle the leadership effectively. Hence that, the maturity of leadership is an essential characteristics for the successful leadership operations (Dumdum et al., 2002). The personality is the other characteristic which should be with the leadership. The leaders with a better personality are able to impact the followers effectively. The conceptuality is the other characteristic of the leadership. The leadership should be able to think critically, think in a broad aspect and solve the issues. Other than that the leadership skills such as human skills and technical skills are important to play the leadership role effectively (Gilmore et al., 2013). 

Leadership Theories

Great Man Theory

According to Great Man Theory of leadership, the leaders are born and not made. However, the Great Man Theory indicates a narrow scope of leadership. The explanation of leadership under the Great Man Theory is not suitable for the today’s scenario. That is because, there are many leaders such as Barak Obama who were the ordinary people from their birth and later became the good leaders (Glendon, et al., 2006).

Trait Theory

The Trait Theory of leadership is showing the similarities for the Great Man Theory of leadership. However, under the Trait Theory of Leadership, the demographic features of the leaders have taken into consideration to show the effectiveness of the leadership. However, this is also not true when consider about the current leadership scenario. That is because, there are leaders who have become better leaders in young age and Mark Zuckerberg is an example for that. Mother Theresa was a great leader and she was a woman (Huijun & Jianjun, 2015).

Contingency Theory

As stated under the Contingency Leadership Theory, the leadership styles which should be applied for the different situations should be suitable to manage the tasks in hand. Here, it has mentioned that, same type of leadership style is not suitable for all the organizational situations. Therefore, the leadership should be able to understand the situation at hand and then the right leadership style should be applied (Humphreys, 2002).

Situational Theory

There are similarities between the Situational Theory and the Contingency Leadership Theory. Under the Situational Theory, it is also mentioning that different leadership styles should be applied for the different organizational situations in order to manage those organizational situations effectively (Huijun & Jianjun, 2015).

Behavioral Theory

Under the Behavioral Theory, the behavioral patterns of the leaders have been focused rather than focusing on the characteristics or the features of the leadership. The leaders should have the conceptual skills in order to think critically about the organizational problems and come up with new ideas to overcome the organizational problems. Further, having human skills with the leadership is important to maintain effective relationship with the followers and the subordinates. On the other hand, the leadership should have the technical skills in order to manage the operation works in an effective manner (Glendon, et al., 2006). 

Leadership Styles

Autocratic leadership style is suitable to conduct the organizational works as for the rules and regulations. However, the autocratic leadership style is not motivating the followers to come up with new ideas or implement the organizational changes (Gilmore et al., 2013).

Democratic leadership style is also suitable to conduct organizational works as for the rules and regulations where it is supportive to maintain the organizational works effectively. However, the democratic leadership style is not creating a flexible working environment (Dumdum et al., 2002).

Transactional leadership style is supportive to conduct team works. However, the implementation of the organizational changes is not supportive under the transactional leadership style (Avolio & Gardner, 2005).  

Transformational leadership style is supportive to implement the organizational changes. The transformational leadership is always encouraging the organizational changes. The followers are motivating to move with the changes and come up with the innovative ideas (Gilmore et al., 2013). 

Team leadership style is supportive in handling the team works within the organization. The team works are essential for the success of the organization (Avolio & Gardner, 2005).   

Sustainable leadership 

Sustainable leadership is focusing on the Triple Bottom Line (TBL) which includes the environmental sustainability, social sustainability and the economic sustainability. The sustainable leadership is essential for the modern organizations to overcome the environmental issues, social issues and economic issues. The sustainable leadership practices are supportive to achieve the financial and non financial objectives.

Further, the sustainable leadership practices are essential to achieve the short term and long term objectives (Gilmore et al., 2013).  In the organizations, which have the sustainable leadership practices do practice the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) practices by focusing on TBL.

For an example, Steve Jobs had the sustainable leadership qualities. Jobs had conducted the programs to enhance the environmental sustainability and the examples for such programs are the environmental conversation programs.

Moreover, Richard Branson has the sustainable leadership qualities. He has taken actions to enhance TBL by conducting sustainable business practices. The companies such as Virgin, Facebook, Amazon and Zoom have taken initiatives to include sustainable business practiced into their corporate governance. The sustainable leadership of those organizations have taken actions to reduce the negative impact they make on the TBL. The organizations are able to conduct sustainable business practices under the vision of the sustainable leadership (Avolio & Gardner, 2005).  

My sustainable leadership qualities 

By evaluating the leadership qualities as a Manager, it can say that the sustainable leadership qualities are with the managers. The organizational leaders have taken the actions to reduce the use of paper in the operation process. Further, they have converted the organizational operations into digital operations in order to reduce the negative impact that our business operations make on the environment. Further, they taken actions to improve the women empowerment by providing more employment opportunities for women. On the other hand, the leadership is directing the organization to support the domestic economic growth.


Avery, G. C. (2004), Understanding leadership: Paradigms and cases. London: Sage.

Avolio, B. J. (2005), Leadership development in balance: Made/born. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Avolio, B. J., & Bass, B. M. (2004), Multifactor leadership questionnaire: Third edition manual and sampler set. California: Mind Garden.

Avolio, B., & Gardner, W. (2005), Authentic leadership development: Getting to the root of positive forms of leadership. Leadership Quarterly, 16, 315-338.

Avolio, B. J., & Luthans, F. (2006), The high impact leader: Moments matter for accelerating authentic leadership development. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Dumdum, U. R., Lowe, K. B. & Avolio, B. J. (2002), A meta-analysis of transformational and transactional leadership correlates of effectiveness and satisfaction: An update and extension. In B. J. Avolio & F.J.Yammarino (eds.), Transformational and Charismatic leadership: The road ahead, 2, 35-66.Oxford, U.K: Elsevier Sciences

Gilmore, P. L., Hu, X., Wei, F., Tetrick, L. E., & Zaccaro, S. J. (2013), Positive affectivity neutralizes transformational leadership’s influence on creative performance and organizational citizenship behaviors. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 34(8), 1061-1075.

Glendon, A. I., Clarke, S. G., and McKenna, E. F. (2006), Human safety and risk management (2nd edition). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Huijun, Y., & Jianjun, Y. (2015),  Transactional Leadership, Competitive Intensity, Technological Innovation Choices and Firm Performance. Journal of Management, 4, 001.

Humphreys, J. H. (2002), Trnasformational leader behavior, proximity and successful services marketing. Journal of Services Marketing, 16(6), 487-50